Timeline of Women

Cleopatra (68 B.C. – 30 B.C.) became Queen of Egypt at 18

Joan of Arc (1412 – 1431) helped the French defeat the English, was burned at the stake in 1431

Queen Elizabeth I (1533 – 1603) great Queen of England, during her reign there were great achievements in writing and peace in England

Pocahontas (1595 - 1617) saved Captain John Smith’s life

Abigail Adams (1744 – 1818) wife of President John Adams, mother of President John Quincy Adams, influential in beginnings of US as a nation, supporter of women’s rights

Martha Jefferson (1748 - 1782) wife of Thomas Jefferson

Betsy Ross (1752 - 1836) American seamstress, according to legend she made the first American flag

Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley "Molly Pitcher" (1754 - 1832) brought watr to the soldiers in the field, when her husband was injured on a Revolutionary War battlefield, Molly took over his gun

Deborah Sampson (1760 – 1827) fought in the Revolutionary War, pretending to be a man

Sacagawea (1787? – 1812) guide and interpreter for Lewis & Clark Expedition

Sojourner Truth (1797 – 1883) African American who spoke out against slavery and for the rights of women

Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 – 1896) wrote "Uncle Tom’s Cabin" about slavery in the south, sold over 500,000 copies in the US, helped to bring the nation’s attention to the horrors of slavery

Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815 – 1902) leader in women’s rights movement

Lucy Stone (1818 – 1893) one of the first women in the United States to earn a college degree, graduating first in her class from Oberlin College in 1847, organized the first national women’s rights convention

Susan B. Anthony (1820 – 1906) formed the National Woman’s Suffrage Association, pioneer in the fight for Women’s Rights, first woman to have her picture on an American coin (silver dollar)

Florence Nightingale (1820 – 1910) nurse, worked on the battlefield during the Crimean War, considered the founder of modern nursing

Harriet Tubman (1820 – 1913) born a slave, abolitionist, conductor on the Underground Railroad, led over 300 slaves to freedom

Clara Barton (1821 – 1912) nurse during the Civil War, founded American Red Cross

Elizabeth Blackwell (1821 - 1910) first woman physician (doctor), founded the New York Infirmary for Women and Children in 1857, founded Women’s Medical College in 1867

Emily Dickinson (1830 – 1886) famous American poet

Louisa May Alcott (1832 – 1888) famous author, wrote "Little Women" and "Little Men," worked to get voting rights for women

Mary Cassatt (1844 – 1926) famous for her paintings of women and children

Edmonia Lewis (1845 - 1900?) first African American artist acknowledged as a sculptor

Carry Nation (1846 – 1911) famous for her work to ban alcohol

Susie King Taylor (1848 - 1912) African American Civil War nurse, author of "My Life as with the 33rd United States Colored Troops."

Charlotte E. Ray (1850 - 1911) first African American woman to get a law degree

Juliette Gordon Low (1860 – 1927) founded the American Girl Scouts

Annie Oakley (1860 – 1926) famous woman sharpshooter, star of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show

Anna Mary Robertson "Grandma" Moses (1860 – 1961) popular American painter, sold her first painting when she was 78 years old

Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman (1864 – ) pen name "Nellie Bly" famous for her articles exposing the conditions in mental hospitals and her article about her trip around the world in 72 days

Beatrix Potter (1866 - 1943) British author and illustrator

Marie Curie (1867 – 1934) famous scientist, won two Nobel prizes, famous for her work with her husband on radioactivity, discovered radium and polonium

Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867 - 1957) American writer, author of "Little House on the Prairie" books

Gail Laughlin (1868 - 1952) attorney and Women's Righs Activist

Mary Francis Winston Newton (1869 - 1959) first American woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics

Ida B. Wells (1869 - 1932) African American editor and co-owner of the Memphis Free Speech, published "A Red Record" documenting the lynching of African Americans

Maria Montessori (1870 - 1952) first woman to graduate from the University of Rome's Medical College, famous for her work in the education of young children

Mary McLeod Bethune (1875 – 1955) dedicated her life to improving educational opportunities for African Americans, founded school for African American girls

Mary Emily Sinclair (1878 - 1955) American mathematician, full professor at Oberlin College

Helen Keller (1880 – 1968) overcame blindness and deafness, graduated from Radcliffe, gave many speeches on behalf of the physically handicapped and wrote several books

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884 – 1962) married to President Franklin Roosevelt, traveled for him during WWII, Chairman of the United Nations Human Rights Commission

Georgia O’Keeffe (1887 – 1986) American artist, famous for her paintings of flowers

Bessie Smith (1894? - 1937) African American jazz and blues singer

Amelia Earhart (1897 – 1937?) first American woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean alone, disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while trying to fly around the world

Margaret Chase Smith (1897 - 1995) the first woman to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. In 1964 she became the first woman to be placed in nomination for the presidency of the United States at a major party convention.

Margaret Mead (1901 – 1979) American anthropologist, famous for her study of how culture influences personality, lived in Samoa and studied the people there

Marian Anderson (1902 - ) first African American woman to sing a leading role at the Metropolitan Opera in New York

Clara McBride Hale (1905 - ) founder of Hale House, home for children's with AIDS

Rachel Carson (1907 – 1964) marine biologist, science writer, her work helped ban a chemical called DDT that was killing millions of birds and fish

Frida Kahlo (1907 - 1954) Mexican painter, wife of famous artist Deigo Rivera

Mother Teresa (1910 - 1997) Indian Nun, received the Nobel Peace Prize for her work in Calcutta, India with the Missionaries of Charity

Lucille Ball (1910 - 1989) American actress, comedy television star

Mahalia Jackson (1911 – 1972) one of the greatest gospel singers of all time, sang "The Star Spangled Banner" at John F. Kennedy’s Inauguration

Rosa Parks (1913 - ) American civil rights leader, famous for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama

Mildred Ella "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias (1914 – 1956) won two gold medal in the 1932 Summer Olympics, later became a professional golfer and won the US Open three times

Beverly Cleary (1916 -    ) children's author

Indira Gandhi (1917 - 1984) Indian politician and Prime Minister, assassinated

Pearl Bailey (1918 - 1990) Tony Award winning American singer, Goodwill Ambassador to the United Nations

Eunice Shriver (1921 - ) American famous for her work with Special Olympics

Sarah Vaughan (1924 - 1990) African American jazz singer

Betty Maria Tallchief (1925 - ) Native American, Prima Ballerina with the New York City Ballet, founded Chicago City Ballet, wife of George Balanchine

Coretta Scott King (1927 - ) carried on the fight for civil rights following the assassination of her husband, Dr. Martin Luther King

Mary Tyler Moore (1927 - ) television actress

Althea Gibson (1927 - ) first African American to play at Wimbledon

Shirley Temple Black (1928 - ) American child star and US Ambassador to Ghana

Liz Claiborne (1929 - ) fashion designer

Joan Ganz Cooney (1929 -   ) children's television creator and producer, created "Sesame Street," The Electric Company" and "3-2-1-Contact"

Anne Frank (1929 - 1945) Dutch author of "Anne Frank's Diary"

Sandra Day O’Connor (1930 - ) first woman to serve as associate justice on the US Supreme Court

Jane Goodall (1934 - ) famous for her study of chimpanzees

Barbara Jordan (1936 – 1996) first African American from a southern state to serve in the US House of Representatives, first African American to serve a keynote speaker at the Democratic National Convention

Madeleine Albright (1937 - ) first woman to be appointed US Secretary of State

Jane Fonda (1937 - ) Oscar winning actress in 1971 for "Klute," spoke against US involvement in the Vietnam War and wrote books and made fitness videos

Judy Blume (1938 - ) author of children's books

Wilma Rudolph (1940 - ) won three Gold Medals in track & field in the 1960 Summer Olympics in the 100-meter dash, 200-meter dash and 400-meter relay

Billy Jean King (1943 - ) American tennis star, helped improve Women's Professional Tennis

Gabrielle Kirk Mcdonald (1944? - ) president of International War Crimes Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Wilma Mankiller (1945 - ) first woman to be named Chief of the Cherokee Nation

Hillary Rodham Clinton (1947 - ) activist for health care and children's rights, wife of President William Jefferson Clinton

Phyllis Tucker Vinson (1948 - ) African American television programmer

Sally K. Ride (1951 - ).first American woman in space

Chris Evert (1954 - ) ranked #1 in Woman’s Tennis five years in a row, six time winner of U.S Open Tennis Tournament, first player in woman’s tennis to win a million dollars

Oprah Winfrey (1954 - ) talk show host, movie actress and producer

Amy Alcott (1956 - ) professional golfer

Mae C. Jemison (1956 - ) first female African American Astronaut and the first African American Woman in space

Florence Griffith Joyner (1959 - 1998) winner of three Olympic gold metals in 1988 summer Olympic Games

Diana, Princess of Wales (1961 - 1997) Princess of Wales and active in the fight against AIDS and land mines

Jackie Joyner-Kersee (1962 - ) one of the world’s most famous female Olympic athletes, set World Records in heptathlon and the long jump

Kristi Yamaguchi (1971 - ) Olympic Gold Medal (1992) winning skater, in the same year she won the World Figure Skating Championship and United States Figure Skating Championship

Rebecca Lobo (1973 - ) first American Professional Basketball player

Venus Williams (1980 - ) teenage tennis sensation






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