Golda Meir

Golda Meir was born Golda Mabovitz on May 3, 1898. Though she was born in Kiev, Russia, she moved to Wisconsin in 1906. When Golda was a teenager she became a Zionist. A Zionist is someone who works to build a homeland for Jews. She graduated from Milwaukee Teachers College and in 1917 married a man named Morris Meyerson. She met Morris while she was a high school student in Denver, Colorado. In 1921 they moved to Palestine, it is now Israel. They had two children Sarah and Menachem. She adopted the Hebrew name Meir, (to burn brightly) in 1956. Golda was active in politics in Israel.

In 1948, Golda signed the proclamation of independence for the state of Israel and served in the first Knesset, or parliament of Israel. She disguised herself as an Arab woman and crossed the border into Jordan. Golda held secret talks with King Abdullah of Jordan. She tried to persuade him to keep his country from invading Israel, but she was not successful. In June 1948, Golda Meir was appointed Israel's Ambassador to the Soviet Union.

Between 1966 and 1968, she served as Secretary General of Mapai, and then as the first Secretary General of the newly formed Labor Party. In 1969, Golda Meir became the third Prime Minister of Israel. She held this position until 1974. Before Golda became Prime Minister, she was the Foreign Minister for Israel. She resigned in 1974 and Yitzhak Rabin took over. Golda passed away on December 8, 1978 in Jerusalem. Golda Meir was an amazing woman!

For more information:
http://www.wic.org/bio/gmeir.htm 
http://womenshistory.about.com/library/bio/blbio_golda_meir.htm 
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/golda_meir.htm 

By Samantha Wi, & Juan, fourth grade, 2005

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