She was a great performer. She was one of Hollywood's most popular musical entertainer and actresses. She was everyone's favorite from the late 30's to the early 60's.Who was she? Judy Garland! She was born Frances Ethel Gumm on June 10, 1922 in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. Later, she changed her name to Judy Garland.

Little Judy Garland's father owned a theater. That was where she first performed. On December 26, 1924 her father surprised his audience by bringing 2 year old Judy onto the stage. She sang the song Jingle Bells (the only song she knew) and used a little jingle bell for her only music. But, her father thought she would never be a professional actress or singer. When she grew up, Judy and her sisters had a vaudeville act named the Gumm Sisters. From 1927 through 1935 they toured the U.S.

Judy's acting and singing career began in 1936. Her first movie she was a part in Broadway Melody in 1938. Then she performed in The Wizard of Oz, which she won a special award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1939.

She also worked with Mickey Rooney in Thoroughbreds Don't Cry and Girl Crazy. She also starred in Ziegfield Girl in 1941, For Me and My Gal in1942 and Meet Me in St. Louis and so many more.

During the early 1950s she mostly worked in nightclubs, concerts and on television. She beat vaudeville box-office records for her show at the Palace Theater in New York City in 1951-1952.

Her later films were A Star Is Born in 1955, Judgment in Nuremberg in 1961, I Could Go On Singing in 1963, and A Child Is Waiting in 1963.

Judy Garland married five times and had three children. Her daughter, Liza Minnelli, with director Vincente Minnelli was born on March 12, 1946. Her marriage to Sid Luft brought daughter Lorna Luft on November 21, 1952 and son Joey Luft on March 29, 1955. She died on June 22, 1969 from an accidental overdose of sleeping pills. She was just 47 years old. Judy Garland was a very beautiful and talented actress. She was wonderful and we will never forget her.

image courtesy of http://www.zianet.com/jjohnson/bio.htm 

By Laura, fourth grade, 2001

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