Clara Barton

Clara Barton was born on December 25, 1821 in Oxford, Massachusetts. She did many important things in her life. She was a teacher; a battlefield nurse and she began the Red Cross in America.

Clara’s full name was Clarissa Harlowe Barton. She was the youngest of five children. Her brothers and sisters taught her how to read, write, spell, and do arithmetic and geography. Clara was so smart that she became a teacher at only 15 years old.

In 1861, when Clara was 40 years old, she became a volunteer nurse during the Civil War. She helped bring bandages, food and clothing to the soldiers. Clara soon became known as the "Angel of the Battlefield." After the war was over, Clara asked President Lincoln for permission to search for missing soldiers. She found 13,000 soldiers.

Clara became very tired from her hard work, so she went to Europe to rest. While she was there, she learned about the Red Cross. In 1873, when Clara returned to America, she thought about beginning the American Red Cross. Finally in 187, Clara began the American Red Cross and became the president of it. The American Red Cross helps people during war and peace. For an example, if there is a flood, an earthquake or a fire, many families could lose their homes. The Red Cross will provide food, clothing and a place to stay for these families. Clara Barton served as the president of the American Red Cross for 25 years. On April 12, 1912, she died in Glen Echo, Maryland. She was 91 years old.

If Clara Barton never lived, America may not have the Red Cross. Without the Red Cross, the people who would need help during war or a natural disaster may not get the help they need. Clara Barton once said, "You must never think of anything except the need and how to meet it." I think she always thought about what people need and what she could do to help people get what they need. She was a brave woman.

1999, by Danielle, third grade