Clara Barton was born December 25, 1821 on a farm at Oxford, Massachusetts. Her true name was Clarrissa Harlowe Barton. She was the youngest of five children. Her older siblings taught her lots of things like mathematics, reading, horseback riding, etc.
Clara was also a very shy girl. When she was 15, she became a teacher. She served as one for 16 years.
In 1853 she became the first woman in the U.S. to become a copyist in the Patent Office in Washington D.C. She continued to work in the Patent Office until April, 1861 when the Civil War broke out.
She was determined to help serve the Federal troops. Clara Barton did serve the Federal troops well. She served both northern troops and southern troops. She brought them food, clothing and other things and comforted them. She became known as the "Angel of the Battlefield."
After the Civil War ended Clara Barton went to Geneva, Switzerland to rest. There she found out about the Red Cross and decided that America should be part of it. After a few years of urging, President Chester Arthur finally gave in to make the U.S. a member of the Red Cross.
Clara Barton became the first president of the American Red Cross and served as its president for 25 years. She retired to Glen Echo, Maryland where she died on April 12, 1912.
1998, by Bhavya, third grade