On the Great Plains when only the native Americans were
living on it, they respected the buffalo and treated them like
blessings. But when the settlers came, buffalo hunting became a sport an
a well-known hobby. At the end of the killing many Native American and
settler lives have been changed.
Native American Buffalo Hunting
The original people of the Great Plains valued the buffalo and never wasted any body parts. The Plains people had many ways to catch a buffalo like making a herd of buffalo run over a cliff or dressing up in buffalo skins and pretending to be a lost baby buffalo. In the Sioux culture, a boy could hunt his first buffalo at age 10, with only a bow and arrow but, there was no dishonor attached if he was not successful. When all plains people killed a buffalo, nothing was wasted because they used every single body part for something. All of the Plains People valued the buffalo just as much as the settlers value money, and it was so respected that buffalos were blessings to the Plains people.
Settler Buffalo Hunting
Ever since the Homestead Act has been passed, new settlers began coming in so some of the settlers found a new hobby, buffalo hunting. For pioneers, buffalo hunting became a widely popular sport. William Cody, famously known as Buffalo Bill, killed a buffalo with almost every bullet he fired. Men like these were hired by railroad builders to kill buffalo everyday for food. Ever since of the pioneer's unnecessary killing, Native Americans attacked the hunters and drove them away.
Effects of the Hunting
During the mid 1800's buffalo hunting became a sport for pioneers and a survival skill for Native Americans. Near the end of the 19th century, the American Buffalo was almost extinct! Because of the killing, the Plains Indians way of life was virtually wiped out. Also since there weren't as many buffalo before the killing, pioneers can't get a lot of hides (not much business). At last the American Buffalo became a protected species and are now living on reserves and National Parks.
The killing had a big impact on both the settlers and Native Americans because for the settlers, they couldn't get enough hides to make enough business. For the Native Americans they almost lost their own way of life.
Image courtesy of http://buffalo-meat.info/buffalo-meat-facts/
Copyright © 2011 Terry Hongell - Pocantico Hills School