Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States. He was a courageous man and a hero of the War of 1812. People said he was hot-tempered, but he was popular with many people. His friends nicknamed him "Old Hickory’’ because hickory wood was tough. Jackson was born on March 15, 1767 in North Carolina. During the American Revolution he and his brother were captured by the British. His brother was killed. Andrew was slashed by a sword of a British officer when he refused to clean his boots. He had the scar from the sword for the rest of his life. He said he never liked the British after that.
By the time Andrew Jackson was 14 years old he had lost his entire family. He became a teacher and then studied to become a lawyer. In 1788 he became a lawyer in Tennessee. When Tennessee became a State in 1796 Jackson was a member of the convention that wrote the first constitution for the state.
Jackson showed good military ability during the War of 1812. His victory against the British at New Orleans made him a national hero. He became the first governor of Florida.
Andrew Jackson retired in 1821 but then his friends convinced him to run for president in 1824. He lost that election but became president in 1828.
Under Jackson many people were able to have a say in the Government. His idea that people should be able to rule was called Jacksonian Democracy. His slogan was, "Let the people rule!"
The Cherokee Indians did not get to make rules. Many settlers believed the Indians living east of the Mississippi River should move west of the river. The settlers wanted their land in Georgia and Alabama. President Jackson forced the Cherokee off their own land. The Cherokee’s journey west lasted many months. Four thousand Cherokee died of hunger, disease and cold. They were buried along the trail they took which is called The Trail of Tears.
President Jackson was elected to a second term of president. He put pressure on the French to pay for ships they captured before the War of 1812. Jackson died in 1845 at the age of 78.
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