Jimmy Carter
By Brian

Carter came to Washington determined to change the way the government worked. Jimmy Carter, the 39th President, was born on October 1, 1924 in Wise Hospital in Plains, Georgia. Carter had two sisters and one brother. He had moved to Archery, Georgia at the age of 4, which was mostly a black community. In their home they had no running water or electricity. Entertainment in Carter's house was books and a battery operated radio. He was the first person in his family to attend college.

Carter was an intelligent kid. He was also a disciplined student and his best subjects were literature and history. Carter entered the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland in 1943. Carter graduating 60th in a class of 820. 

James Earl Carter Jr. and Eleanor Rosalynn Smith were married July 7, 1946 at Plains, Georgia Methodist Church. She had been a childhood friend of Carter's sister Ruth, who got the couple together. They had three sons, John William, James Earl III and Donnel Jeffrey one daughter, Amy.

Carter was the Governor of Georgia and entered the Presidential race in December 1974. At first Carter didn't show up on the polls. But Carter won a very close presidential race in 1976 beating Gerald Ford 297 electoral votes to 241.

Carter's Presidency is most well know for the peace he negotiated between Egypt and Israel. On November 4, 1979, a mob of Islamic students attacked the U.S. embassy in Iran and took the staff hostage. The Iranians refused to release the hostages and held them for almost 15 months. On January 19, 1981, on Carter's last day in office, the Iranians finally released the hostages. The country celebrated when they were brought back to a US military hospital in Germany.

Carter lost the 1980 election to Ronald Reagan and retired to Georgia. He has written several books and does work for Habitat for Humanity, a non profit group that builds homes for low income residents. 


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