|By Alex A.
Last Thursday 4-L and 4-C went on a field trip to Philipsburg Manor. It was really fun. It had places the Mill, Farmhouse, Manor house, and the Tenant Farm. Here is some information about them. The Mill works on waterpower and gears. It grinds corn into cornmeal. The Farmhouse grows crops and wheat. It also raises cattle, sheep, and oxen.
The Manor house is a 2 story house, some places are locked up because of fragile items. It grows rows of plants, flowers, and crops. Children play games and women cook food and spin sheeps wool into clothing there too.
The Tenant Farmers grow wheat to trade for cinnamon, clothing, and sugar. Tenant Farmers live there too.
Phillipsburg Manor was really fun! Maybe you should try going there youll find that it is.
Philipsburg Manor is a place where they show how colonial people lived a long time ago. There, my class and the other class took a tour. We looked at how people lived long ago.
The first house my group went to was the Tenant house. While we were there we learned how to make yarn and dye. We also learned how to turn a pot into an oven. The people there told us that in the fall they store dry food. In the winter they eat the dry food.
The next part we went to was the barn. The man told us that they used a special tool to get the seeds out of the hay. They cut wood with a coping saw. He told us a female oxen is a cow. They store lots of hay in the barn.
When the man in the barn was finished talking we moved on to the Manor house. Another man told us carpeting was so expensive that the Philips put the carpet on the table. They had two kitchens. They have a fireplace in every room except the dairy room. The overseer lives in the Manor house.
The last part we went to was the mill. They taught us how to grind corn into cornmeal. We learned how the mill works. We learned that it is run by waterpower. They told us the big grinder weighs 3,000 pounds.
The trip was fun. We learned a lot. Maybe one day you will go there. I bet you will like it.
The mill had a wooden water wheel. We learned that it used water- power. Inside the mill they had a lot of grain. The corn was made into flour and wheat. We got a chance to make corn into cornmeal. It was very hard! Outside the mill we saw the real millstones that were used over 100 years ago! They had been dug up.
At the farmhouse we learned that oxen were used to pull wagons. Oxen are male cows. Cows are used to breed. The man who gave the tour at the farm, then showed us how to get wheat seeds out of straw. He would use the seeds to grow more wheat the next year. Straw is dried wheat. Getting the seeds is hard!
Next we went to the Manor House. It was big and had no electricity, (no house had electricity). They worked in the basement and made dairy products. There was a fireplace in every room except the dairy room. We learned that Fredrick Philips did not live in the Manor House. The tenant farmer house was small and had only one room. In that room they cooked over the fireplace with an iron pot. It smelled good! They also made thread and knitted. A lady showed us how she dyed the thread with all kinds of berries. They slept on hay beds made of straw. Hanging from the ceiling where dried fruit to store for the coming winter, because it was hard to find food in winter.
We had lots of fun. I enjoyed going to Philpsburg Manor. I learned a lot. I hope to go again one day.
At the mill they used waterpower to work the machines. They made corn, wheat and flour to trade for other products. The grinders were made out of rock to grind the wheat easier.
The Manor House had dairy food stored downstairs such as cheese, milk and butter. It had a lot of rooms like two kitchens,and three living rooms.
They had a chimney in every room but the basement.
The tenant farmhouse had a spinning wheel to make cloths. There was a lady on the spinning wheel and she showed us how they died the cloths. They had one room in the whole house. They dried food for the winter.
The farmhouse had a lot of hay and straw stored. They bashed wheat for the grains. They did not keep the animals in the barn.
At the farmhouse, we saw how bare a house was 200 years ago. There were two women there. One sat down at a spinning wheel. The other woman stood in front of the fireplace. She told us about the herbs hanging from the ceiling for medicine, the hearth stones which if you put hot coals on, you could cook on. Than the other woman told us how they dyed the cloth with flowers and berries. She also showed us how to spin the cotton.
When we got to the barn, there was a man who showed us a saw and how to use it. After that we went into the barn, because outside it was colder than last weeks beans. When we were in the barn, he showed how to separate the wheat seeds from the straw. Both young oxen at the barn are 9 months old.
Then we went to the manor house. There was a seam at the middle of the house where Frederick Phillips son Adolph had added on to the house. (In the war, the Philips lost their house. Now, it belongs to Mr. Rockefeller.) On a table near the door there was a carpet! They had put it on the table so that it would not get dirty when people came in from outside with muddy boots. Then we went to an office, which was where the slave driver worked. Outside there was a kitchen garden. Then we went to the dairy room. Unlike every other room in the house, it had no fireplace.
Finally, we went to the mill. There we found out that they could make hardtacks. Everyone took turns grinding the corn into cornmeal. The corn that we had ground into cornmeal came straight from the farm! They also had some hardtacks there readily made. Someone asked if we could eat them but they said no. They also said the hardtacks were probably at least ten years old! The water wheel there had been the main source of power to the Philips.
The first place I visited was the mill. It used waterpower to make corn, wheat, and flour. The grinders were made of rock.
The next place I went was the Tenant Farmhouse. There they had spinning wheel for making wool yarn. There was only one room in the whole house. They died the wool with plants and berries. They also dried their food. The beds were made of hay. They put different sized hooks for different temperatures.
Then I went to the farmhouse. In the farmhouse they had a lot of hay and straw. They bashed wheat to get the seeds. They didnt even keep the animals in the barn.
Finally, I made it to the manor house. The manor house was made of stones. They stored dairy food in the basement. It had about ten rooms. There was a fireplace in every room except the diary room.
That was my trip and before I left I got a jaw harp in the giftshop.
At the mill we saw a water wheel that had about 20 gears. The water wheel was for turning the gears for the grinding stone. We saw a grinding stone. The grinding stone was for grinding corn for cornbread and cornmeal. Then, we saw an even bigger grinding stone. We even got to turn the little one, but we barely could do it.
At the barn we saw dozens of animals such as cows, cats, and roosters. We saw a huge pile of wheat. I wished I could jump in it.
In the manor house our class saw beautiful furniture so beautiful I wished I could sit on it. It has beautiful designs. Each room of the manor house had a fireplace and lanterns.
At the tenant farmhouse we saw, a lady spinning at a spinning wheel. She was spinning wool. Across the rafters was a long stick with dried herbs for medicine. On the table we saw a cone shaped sugar loaf.
If you ever come to NEW YORK be sure to come to PHILIPSBURG MANOR!!!
At the mill the slaves used rocks to grind the corn to make corn meal. There was a wooden water wheel that used waterpower to make grain.
At the farmhouse there were cows and oxen. They got the wheat seeds from wheat by hitting it with a wooden stick.
In the tenant farmhouse they cooked over fires, wove the thread they made to make cloth. It was one small room.
The Manor House was big. It was called a mansion. The slaves worked in the basement. They made cheese. The overseer lived there.
There are not real slaves there now, because Philipsburg Manor is a model of a merchant farm from hundreds of years ago.
The first one is called the Mill. We learned that they use waterpower to run the mill. They ground up corn into wheat by using big rocks. We saw the sieve that separated the wheat. We saw a big log that helped turn the water wheel.
In the farmhouse we learned about how they stored hay. They used a whip to get the seeds from the hay. They kept the harness for the cows in the farm. They keep the hay up high so they had more room.
In the manor house we learned about the way families cook. They kept a sugar cone on the table. They had a fireplace on every floor.
In the tenant farmhouse we learned that they made yarn out of wool from their sheep. They dyed thread by collecting colorful flowers. They made medicine out of herbs. They slept on a big pillow that was filled with hay.
Thats what we learned in Philipsburg Manor.
At the mill we learned how they ground corn in to cornmeal and that they used wheel and axle to work the mill. We also learned how they used waterpower to run the mill. The big grinder weighs over 3,000 pounds.
The Manor House was the best. At the Manor House the carpets stay on the table. There two kitchens and a fireplace in every room except the dairy room. The overseer lives in this house.
I liked the barn and so did the rest of my group. To get the little seeds out of the wheat they slashed it with a special tool. They used a big coping saw to cut the wood. We learned the difference between an ox and a cow.
In the tenant house we learned what dye is made of and how to make wool. Workers would collect colored flowers, then they would boil them. They dried food to eat in the winter. If you would like to visit Philipsburg Manor it is located Route 9 Tarytown near the Old Dutch Church.
The second place we went was the farm/barn. They hit the wheat to get the grind out. They oxen were trained to do work. The sheep provided clothes for the people. There, cats would chase mice out of the barn.
The third place our class went was the tenant farmhouse. The tenant would make all their clothes at the tenant farmhouse. They dyed their wool with berries. People at the tenant farmhouse would dry herbs to make medicine.
The fourth house we went to was the Manor house. It was considered a mansion. There were two slaves that would cook for other slaves.
They also have a dairy room in the basement of the Manor house. They had a fireplace to keep them warm.
This was a good and exciting trip you should try it too! I learned a lot there and you would too.
In the mill we saw a grinding stone it was little but, heavy. We all got to turn it. When we turned the grinding stone it made the corn fall into a bucket. All of this is done by waterpower.
In the barn we got to use a saw to cut a log. There were cows, bulls, sheep and even cats. We saw dried up wheat. We also saw harness that holds bulls or cows together. The people used a winnowing basket to get the seeds out of the hay.
In the manor house we saw old furniture from 100-300 years old. The fireplaces were used to cook and to make fires for when it was cold. They used lanterns because they didnt have electricity. We saw dried cheese. The pots, pans and dishes were used to eat and cook. Finally, there were eight rooms in the whole house.
In the tenant farmhouse we saw how they made clothes out of wool. They used a spinning wheel. We saw dried food like corn and beans. We saw black pots. Do you now why they used black pots? They used black pots because black absorbs heat. We saw a mattress made of straw it was made of straw because thats all they had. Then we saw a sugar cone its a big hill of sugar. On the ceiling there were herb for the medicine.
I hope you enjoy Philipsburg Manor if you get a chance to visit.