Martin Van Buren
(1782-1862)
by Sebastian

Did you know that Martin Van Buren's nickname was the little magician. Martin Van Buren was born December 5, 1782 in Kinderhook, New York to Dutch parents. He grew up there his whole life. For school he went to Kinderhook Academy. His father's name was Abraham Van Buren and he was a farmer and a tavern keeper. Martin's mother's name was Maria Hoes Van Buren and she died of tuberculosis. He was married to Hannah Hoes who was born in 1783 and died in 1819 at the age of 35 of tuberculosis. He had four children; Abraham Van Buren, John Van Buren, Martin Van Buren and Smith Thompson Van Buren.

Before he was President he had jobs as a leader. His regular job was a lawyer. He was also New York State Senator from 1813 to 1815. He became New York State Attorney General from 1815 to 1819. He worked as a United States Senator from 1821 to 1829. He served as the Governor of New York in 1829. He was Secretary of the State from 1829 to 1831 and the Minister to England in 1831. He became Vice President from 1832 to 1837.

Martin Van Buren was the 8th President. He became President in 1837 and served one term to 1841. He was a Democrat and he won the election by 224,175 popular votes and 117 electoral votes. He ran against William H. Harrison. His Vice President was Richard M. Johnson.

Here are some of the major happenings that occurred when Martin was President. The panic of 1837 was when thousands of banks failed in the United States. Also he was President during one of the worst depressions of history that began in 1837 and almost lasted a decade.

This is what Martin achieved as President. He passed the Independent Treasury Act in 1840. In 1837 he tried to stop Texas from becoming a slave.

After he was President he tried to stop Texas from being a slave state. He was buried in the Kinderhook Cemetery, Kinderhook, New York.

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