We bet most people think they know a lot about Abraham Lincoln. The truth is they don't know half of it. Did you know when Abraham was a kid he got kicked in the head by a horse and was thought to be dead for a few days? Abraham Lincoln was the first President to be born outside of the 13 colonies. He was born in a one-room log cabin on February, 12 1809 on Nolin Creek, Kentucky.
Surprisingly, Lincoln didn't go to college. One of his early jobs was postmaster. He taught himself the law and became a lawyer. He married Mary Todd and they had 4 children. Their names were Robert, Edward, William and Thomas (Tad). Out of all their children only Robert lived to be an adult.
On November 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th U.S. President. He is nicknamed Honest Abe because he once said, "I can not tell a lie." He became the first Republican to received 180 of 303 possible electoral votes. He received only 40% of the popular votes. He ran against Stephen A. Douglas. Lincoln's Vice President was Hannibal Hamlin but the party chose Andrew Johnson for his second term. His party's main issue was to free the slaves.
On January 23, 1863 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that said all slaves were free. He also gave the famous Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863 at the dedication of a battlefield cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was such a remarkable speech because it reminded people why the war was being fought. He was the first President to grow a beard while in office. A kid had sent a letter to Abe telling him he should grow a beard so he did!
In 1861 the South declared war on the North, it was known as the Civil War. Even though the North had many advantages, the war dragged on into 1863. In 1863, the slaves were free and many of freedmen joined the North's army. In 1865 the war ended with the North winning.
Did you know that Lincoln stopped a war from happening? Captain Charles Wilkes stopped a British ship and took two confederate men. The men were Mason & Slidell. The confederacy had sent them to Britain to ask for aid in the war. The British were angry, but Lincoln apologized and gave the men back. Those two men almost started a second war with Britain, isn't that amazing!
Lincoln liked to go see show. Shortly before the Civil War ended, President Lincoln went to see a show called "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. Actor John Wilkes Booth tampered with the door to the Presidential box. In the third act he went to the Presidential box. When he saw Lincoln wasn't guarded he shot him in the back of the head. Lincoln was rushed to a boarding house across the street where he laid in the bed that had been occupied by Booth. The next morning on April 15, 1865 at 7:22a.m., he died. Then his Vice President Andrew Johnson became the 17th U.S. President.
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