Football
By Kim & Tanya

Football is the most popular sport in the world. In America we call this game soccer but the rest of the world knows it as football. It was introduced to the world by English sailors in the late 1800s. 

A football game is when you move the ball with your feet, your chest, or your head, but not your hands. The goalkeeper can use his or her hands to catch or touch the ball. The goalkeeper's job is to try to keep the opposing team from putting the ball into the net. The object of the game is to score a point by kicking the ball into the goal of the other team. It is played by 2 teams of has 11 players each, including a goal keeper for each team. In the Olympics the game lasts 90 minutes with two halves of 45 minutes each and a 15-minute half-time break. There is one referee and two assistant referees. The assistants run along the touch lines on either side of the field to help the referee. The referee makes sure the players are following the rules and blows his whistle to signal a foul.

To play soccer you need soccer shorts, shirt, tall socks, shin guards, soccer cleats (special shoes with short spikes on the bottom to keep the player from slipping on the grass. Players dribble, pass, and shoot the ball with their feet or sometimes their chest or head. There are no timeouts in soccer but play does stop for injuries. 

A football game is conducted on a rectangular grassy area 115 yards long x 75 yards wide. It is called a pitch. The filed marked by touch lines on the outside and goal lines surrounding the goal areas. The field's center is a circle with a diameter of 10 yards. The area in front of the goalposts is divided into the goal neighboring the goalpost and the penalty area extending toward the center. The most famous soccer player of all time is Brazilian star Pele.

Mia Hamm is one of the greatest women football players. Men's football became an official Olympic sport in 1900 but women's football didn't become part of the competition until 1996. 

 

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This page was last edited December 02, 2005.

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